Before the European conquest, the Aztec empire functioned as a city state and its capitol Tenochtitlan was one of the most populated and beautiful cities in the world. Society was stratified, with a subordinate labor force and a slave system that served the nobility. The State’s wealth depended on territorial expansion. The role of the warrior and the merchant trader was critical in order to maintain a robust economy and trade system. This discourse will also cover aspects of the Aztec complex judicial system. Social order was imperative, there was a belief in the rule of law with extreme codes of conduct and an expected morality.