“…nor shall any State…deny to any person…the equal protection of the laws.” Since the adoption of the 14th Amendment in 1868, the “equal protection” clause has resulted in numerous Supreme Court cases that have impacted people because to their race, gender or sexual orientation. Dr. Jim Carroll uses visuals of landmark Supreme Court cases involving African Americans from Dred Scott (Slaves are property and can never be citizens.) through cases upholding segregation, the Court’s overturning of “separate but equal,” the rise of affirmative action cases and their status today. Do women have the same right to “equal protection” as racial minorities? Is affirmative action justified as a remedy for closing the gender gap at the workplace? Is Title IX the best remedy for equal protection for women in schools and universities? To what extent should the Court allow the existence of single sex military education institutions? On what basis did the Supreme Court prevent states from banning same-sex marriages? What equal protection rights do LGBT people still seek?