The golden age of ancient Greece was one of those brief, shining and spectacular moments in the 5,000 year history of civilized mankind when a small group of extraordinary individuals came together to create wholly new and original ideas concerning art, literature, theatre, philosophy and government. These new forms of thinking are the foundation upon which, 2,500 years later, much of present-day western civilization is built. It is the ancient Greeks of the 5th century BC who gave us the very first draft democracy.