In World War II black Americans had fought bravely for the United States and made huge contributions, both at home and in the theaters of war. But they returned to a United States where segregation and racism were still rampant, especially in the South. We will trace the difficult and complicated Civil Rights Movement to secure equal rights for African Americans from the 1950s to the present: from earlier efforts to combat segregation that were met with dogs, guns and bombs to the Black Lives Matter movement that has gained such breadth and power this year.